New York County Substitute and Relief Committee, 1863 Civil War Substitute Document Signed by Boss T

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New York County Substitute and Relief Committee, 1863 Civil War Substitute Document Signed by Boss T

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New York, September 11th, 1863. Issued New York County Substitute and Relief Committee form, S/N 25, regarding Michael H. Murphy's Substitute for military duty in the Civil War, due to Murphy's status as an Active Member of the Fire Department. The signature of the Substitute is in the second paragraph and on the back, which also shows that he was paid $300. Signatures at bottom right include New York City Mayor, George Opdyke and William "Boss" Tweed as Supervisor. Black text with some staining from glue at top, otherwise in VF condition. William Magear Tweed (April 3, 1823 - April 12, 1878), widely known as "Boss" Tweed, was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th-century New York City and State. At the height of his influence, Tweed was the third-largest landowner in New York City, a director of the Erie Railroad, a director of the Tenth National Bank, a director of the New-York Printing Company, the proprietor of the Metropolitan Hotel, a significant stockholder in iron mines and gas companies, a board member of the Harlem Gas Light Company, a board member of the Third Avenue Railway Company, a board member of the Brooklyn Bridge Company, and the president of the Guardian Savings Bank. weed was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1852 and the New York County Board of Supervisors in 1858, the year that he became the head of the Tammany Hall political machine. He was also elected to the New York State Senate in 1867, but Tweed's greatest influence came from being an appointed member of a number of boards and commissions, his control over political patronage in New York City through Tammany, and his ability to ensure the loyalty of voters through jobs he could create and dispense on city-related projects. Tweed was convicted for stealing an amount estimated by an aldermen's committee in 1877 at between $25 million and $45 million from New York City taxpayers from political corruption, but later estimates ranged as high as $200 million. Unable to make bail, he escaped from jail once but was returned to custody. He died in the Ludlow Street Jail.