Revolutionary War Connecticut, 1777 Promissory Note for Sickness & Losses in Service, Signed by Oliv

Currency:USD Category:Coins & Paper Money / Paper Money - United States Start Price:230.00 USD Estimated At:325.00 - 650.00 USD
Revolutionary War Connecticut, 1777 Promissory Note for Sickness & Losses in Service, Signed by Oliv
350.00USDto floor+ buyer's premium + applicable fees & taxes.
This item SOLD at 2021 Nov 23 @ 14:34UTC-5 : EST/CDT

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Hartford, Connecticut, 1777. Promissory note to pay Lieutenant Daniel Lomis the sum of 16 Pounds, 3 Shillings, and 8 Pence for "Expenses of Sickness & Losses in his Company in Colonel Samuel Chapman's Regiment of Militia to New York in 1776," dated June 19th, 1777 in Hartford. Signed by Pay-Table members John Chenward and Oliver Ellsworth, and addressed to Connecticut Treasurer John Lawrence, Esq. at bottom left. Promissory Notes like this were issued by the State of Connecticut to help to finance the Revolutionary War. The Pay-Table (also known as the Committee of Four) managed Connecticut's military finances during the ongoing conflict. John Lawrence (1719-1802) served as treasurer of the Connecticut colony, and later as the Connecticut State Treasurer from 1769 to 1789, spanning the crucial period of colonial rule, through the American revolution, and into the early years of the United States. During the Revolutionary War, Lawrence was commissioner of loans for the new nation. John Chenward (1733-1805) was a Captain in the army and his signature appears on many documents from this period. Most notable in the document is the ornate and distinctive signature of Oliver Ellsworth (1745-1807), an American lawyer, judge, politician, and diplomat. He was a framer of the United States Constitution, a United States Senator from Connecticut, and the third Chief Justice of the United States. In 1777, he became the state attorney for Hartford County, Connecticut and was selected as a delegate to the Continental Congress, serving during the remainder of the American Revolutionary War. He served as a state judge during the 1780s and was selected as a delegate to the 1787 Philadelphia Convention, which produced the United States Constitution. While at the convention, Ellsworth played a role in fashioning the Connecticut Compromise between the more populous states and the less populous states. He also served on the Committee of Detail, which prepared the first draft of the Constitution, but he left the convention before signing the document. His influence helped ensure that Connecticut ratified the Constitution, and he was elected as one of Connecticut's inaugural pair of Senators, serving from 1789 to 1796. He was the chief author of the Judiciary Act of 1789, which shaped the federal judiciary of the United States and established the Supreme Court's power to overturn state supreme court decisions that were contrary to the United States Constitution. Ellsworth served as a key Senate ally to Alexander Hamilton and aligned with the Federalist Party. He led the Senate passage of Hamiltonian proposals such as the Funding Act of 1790 and the Bank Bill of 1791. He also advocated in favor of the United States Bill of Rights and the Jay Treaty. In 1796, after the Senate rejected the nomination of John Rutledge to serve as Chief Justice, President George Washington nominated Ellsworth to the position. Ellsworth was unanimously confirmed by the Senate, and served until 1800, when he resigned due to poor health. He subsequently served on the Connecticut Governor's Council until his death in 1807. Incredible condition for its age, and a fascinating piece of history which mentions a soldier in service in the ongoing conflict for Independence, and dated less than a year after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.